Not sure if this is the correct spot to discuss this, so feel free to move it where you want. OK, all you genetic brainiacs, I totally get the dominant vs. recessive trait school of thought, and how the different pairings present themselves in various individuals. However, what I never did understand was how, unlike a physical trait being passed on, an emotional or psychological trait such as dispositon or temperament is passed on to various offspring? I mean how is such a trait even studied geneologically? The very basis for which we admire this breed, being determination/gameness, is what I'm talking about, and it's something that can't be put under a microscope. Or can it? If, say two or three littermates out of eight exhibit superior gameness, can we say IN FACT that it came from the sire/dam, or are we just going by the law of averages? I suppose if there was a real life test to determine such a trait, it would have been common knowledge and would have probably lowered significantly the number of litters born over the years, and would have made it quite easy to get the "gamest" dogs out there from one trip to the laboratory. So, what say you oh wise ones? Learn me LOL!!!